Archive for the ‘disney’ Category

Friday, July 11th, 2014

Animation: Clair Weeks’ Goodbye Book 1952

Clair Weeks

Today, we had a visit from the family of Clair Weeks. They brought along several portfolios full of beautiful drawings, mostly from Bambi that they plan to sell. Over the next few weeks, they will be allowing us to digitize the material for inclusion in our database. They also promise to write a Biopedia Page for Weeks. Here is the "Readers’ Digest version" of Weeks’ career…

A missionary’s son, Clair Weeks was born in 1912 in India. He lived there until the early 1930s, when he relocated to America. In 1936, he joined the staff of the Walt Disney Studio and set to work as an assistant on Snow White. He went on to assist Marc Davis on Bambi, CInderella and Peter Pan, taking a brief break from animation to serve in the military during WW2.

In the early 50s, Weeks left the studio travel the world. He eventually settled in Bombay, India, where he headed up a government owned studio that produced animated shorts. Weeks’ impact on Indian animation was immense. The people he trained were the pioneers who established the Indian animation industry.

Clair Weeks

The treasure I’m presenting today dates to August of 1952… It’s the scrapbook given to Weeks upon his departure from Disney. I won’t spoil the fun by telling you what’s in it. Click on the images and prepare to be amazed! (Thanks to Hans Perk for the identifications!)

Clair Weeks
Clair Weeks

Members of the “9 Old Men”: Marc Davis (Weeks was his assistant), Ollie Johnston, Frank Thomas, Milt Kahl, Eric Larson / Assistant Animators: Bob McCrea, Clarke Mallery, Iwao Takamoto, Julius Svendsen, Bill Eigle (?)

Clair Weeks

Ben Sharpsteen (Director) / Hazel George (Studio Nurse) / Hal Adelquist (Asst. Director) / Oliver Wallace (Music) / Koneta Roxby (Library) / Bob Gibeaut (Cutting) / Jo Sears (Ink & Paint / Production)

Clair Weeks

Layout Artists: Lance Nolley, Al Zinnen, Don Griffith, Ken Anderson, Ken O’Connor, Mike Holoboff, MacLaren Stewart, Basil Davidovich, Tom Codrick, Charles Philippi / Background Artists: Jimi Trout, Hugh Hennesy, Ray Huffine, Art Riley, Dick Anthony, Ralph Hulett, Al Dempster, Claude Coats, Art Landy / Art Directors: Thor Putnam, John Hench / Directors: Jack Kinney, Charles “Nick” Nichols, Gerry Geronimi, Wilfred “Jaxon” Jackson / Asst Directors: Bee Selck, Lou Debney, Toby Tobelman (?) / Directors’ Secretary: Marie Dasnoit / The Man: Walt Disney / Tom Jekel (?)

Clair Weeks

Animators: Bob Youngquist, Jack Campbell, Les Clark (9 Old Men), Hugh Fraser, John Lounsbery (9 Old Men), Harry Holt, Art Stevens, George Nicholas / Asst Animators: Walt Stanchfield, Lou Appet, Bob Ogle, Dale Barnhart

Clair Weeks

Don DaGradi (Art Director)

Clair Weeks
Clair Weeks

Animators / Assistants: Dick Lucas / Al Wilson / Jim Steele / Eric Cleworth / Ambrozy Paliwoda / Jerry Hathcock / Charlie “Chuck” Downs / Bob Carlson / Woolie Reitherman (9 Old Men) / Ed Soloman / Wathel Rogers

Clair Weeks

Bonar Dyer (Personnel) / Mary Flanigan (Notary) / Bunny Venable (Production or Legal)

Clair Weeks
Clair Weeks

Mostly Effects Animators: Retta Davidson, Dwight Carlisle, Joe Nunez, Sandy Strother, Dan MacManus, Al Severns, George Rowley, Marion Mahnken, Jack “Buck” Buckley, Frank Onaitis, Ed Parks, Jane Fowler

Clair Weeks

Ed Aardal (Animator) / Harvey Orr (Print Shop) / Johnny Bond (Head of Clean Up)

Clair Weeks
Clair Weeks
Clair Weeks

Ken Peterson (Animator / Prod. Mgr. / Scheduling) / Andy Engman (Effects Animator / Prod. Mgr.) / Esther “Esta” Haight (Front Office File Room / Western Union) / Anne Meyer (Production?)

Clair Weeks

Thanks to the family of Clair Weeks for sharing this with us!

Stephen Worth
Director
Animation Resources

Animated CartoonsAnimated Cartoons

This posting is part of the online Encyclopedia of Cartooning under the subject heading, Animation.

Tuesday, July 8th, 2014

Animation: Disney’s Artist Tryout Book

Disney Artist Tryout Book

Today, we scanned another fascinating document from the collection of Clair Weeks. This is the "Disney Studios Artist’s Tryout Book" from 1938. It provides a valuable overview of the production process and description of the various job categories. You will definitely want to print this out and study it carefully.

Here are some quotes from this booklet that you might find interesting…

STORY MEN must be able to draw. The stories are not written but are visualized in sketch form.

The value of an animator is dependent upon his ability to dramatize and caricature life, and to time and stage his characters’ actions in an unusual and interesting way. An animator must be a showman- he must know how to entertain an audience, to present a gag, to picture dramatically an ordinary incident. Above all, he must be a sure and skillful draftsman.

THE DIRECTOR must have complete knowledge of every phase of animation, have executive ability and outstanding dramatic talent. He must be familiar with practically all of the Arts… To date, all directors have arisen from the ranks of the Studio, sometimes through story work, but more often through animation. Because of the complexity of animation it seems that this will continue to be the case.

All inking and painting of celluloids, and all tracing done in the Studio is perfomed exclusively by a large staff of girls known as Inkers and Painters… This is the only department in the Disney Studio open to women artists.

Disney Artist Tryout Book

The original brochure was in very poor condition, with tears and waterstains throughout. I’m sure that this was carried around in Weeks’ back pocket for quite a while. But Photoshop can work miracles, so these scans ended up looking better than the original.

In case you haven’t noticed, Animation Resources has become "an embarassment of riches". We are doing very important work here. I hope you will support our project any way you can.

Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book

Stephen Worth
Director
Animation Resources

Animated CartoonsAnimated Cartoons

This posting is part of the online Encyclopedia of Cartooning under the subject heading, Animation.

Monday, June 30th, 2014

Magazine Cartoons: The Father of the Disney Style- T. S. Sullivant

T S Sullivant

T S SullivantT S SullivantT. S. Sullivant is one of the most important cartoonists in the history of the medium. He pioneered many of the elements of anthropomorphism that we now take for granted. The general public may not be familiar with his name, but animators sure appreciate his work. (See Eddie Fitzgerald’s first article on Sullivant and his second. Also see, Andreas Deja’s blog… T.S. Sullivant Part One and Part Two) The influence of Sullivant’s animals (along with the work of Heinrich Kley…) can be seen in many of the Disney features.

Sullivant was born in 1854, and didn’t begin cartooning professionally until the age of 32. His cartoons appeared in Life and Puck during the 1890s, and in Judge around the turn of the century. William Randolph Hearst signed him to an exclusive contract in 1904, and his mastheads populated by cartoony animals appeared on the top of the Hearst comics pages until 1907. Sullivant returned to Life magazine in 1911, and remained there until his death in 1926.

Sullivant’s pen and ink style doesn’t really suit itself for reproduction on a computer screen, but I have made large versions available of all of these images. Just click on the picture to see it larger.

T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant