Archive for the ‘disney’ Category

Tuesday, July 8th, 2014

Animation: Disney’s Artist Tryout Book

Disney Artist Tryout Book

Today, we scanned another fascinating document from the collection of Clair Weeks. This is the "Disney Studios Artist’s Tryout Book" from 1938. It provides a valuable overview of the production process and description of the various job categories. You will definitely want to print this out and study it carefully.

Here are some quotes from this booklet that you might find interesting…

STORY MEN must be able to draw. The stories are not written but are visualized in sketch form.

The value of an animator is dependent upon his ability to dramatize and caricature life, and to time and stage his characters’ actions in an unusual and interesting way. An animator must be a showman- he must know how to entertain an audience, to present a gag, to picture dramatically an ordinary incident. Above all, he must be a sure and skillful draftsman.

THE DIRECTOR must have complete knowledge of every phase of animation, have executive ability and outstanding dramatic talent. He must be familiar with practically all of the Arts… To date, all directors have arisen from the ranks of the Studio, sometimes through story work, but more often through animation. Because of the complexity of animation it seems that this will continue to be the case.

All inking and painting of celluloids, and all tracing done in the Studio is perfomed exclusively by a large staff of girls known as Inkers and Painters… This is the only department in the Disney Studio open to women artists.

Disney Artist Tryout Book

The original brochure was in very poor condition, with tears and waterstains throughout. I’m sure that this was carried around in Weeks’ back pocket for quite a while. But Photoshop can work miracles, so these scans ended up looking better than the original.

In case you haven’t noticed, Animation Resources has become "an embarassment of riches". We are doing very important work here. I hope you will support our project any way you can.

Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book
Disney Artists Tryout Book

Stephen Worth
Director
Animation Resources

Animated CartoonsAnimated Cartoons

This posting is part of the online Encyclopedia of Cartooning under the subject heading, Animation.

Monday, June 30th, 2014

Magazine Cartoons: The Father of the Disney Style- T. S. Sullivant

T S Sullivant

T S SullivantT S SullivantT. S. Sullivant is one of the most important cartoonists in the history of the medium. He pioneered many of the elements of anthropomorphism that we now take for granted. The general public may not be familiar with his name, but animators sure appreciate his work. (See Eddie Fitzgerald’s first article on Sullivant and his second. Also see, Andreas Deja’s blog… T.S. Sullivant Part One and Part Two) The influence of Sullivant’s animals (along with the work of Heinrich Kley…) can be seen in many of the Disney features.

Sullivant was born in 1854, and didn’t begin cartooning professionally until the age of 32. His cartoons appeared in Life and Puck during the 1890s, and in Judge around the turn of the century. William Randolph Hearst signed him to an exclusive contract in 1904, and his mastheads populated by cartoony animals appeared on the top of the Hearst comics pages until 1907. Sullivant returned to Life magazine in 1911, and remained there until his death in 1926.

Sullivant’s pen and ink style doesn’t really suit itself for reproduction on a computer screen, but I have made large versions available of all of these images. Just click on the picture to see it larger.

T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant
T S Sullivant

Thursday, June 12th, 2014

Animation History: The Building Of The Disney Studio

Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley

Among the collection of Clair Weeks was a publication from 1939 dealing with the construction of Disney’s studio in Burbank. It’s a fascinating look at the way the Disney operation was structured at the peak of its success. The end of the article is taken up with a detailed description of the production process at Disney. (Note: There’s an error in the order of the steps in the section on story- the script was transcribed from the storyboard, not the other way around. And they discuss voice recording out of sequence as well.)

Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley
Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley
Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley
Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley

Now that you’ve read the article, click on these images to see Hans Perk’s AFilm LA for more info on the Burbank lot…

Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley

Aerial view of Burbank before Disney’s studio is built.

Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley

Aerial view of the Disney studio.

Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley

Helen Jordan’s photos of the studio under construction.

Valley Progress: Disney Comes To The Valley

The newly completed animation building in 1939.

Stephen Worth
Director
Animation Resources

Animated CartoonsAnimated Cartoons

This posting is part of the online Encyclopedia of Cartooning under the subject heading, Animation.