Archive for the ‘harman ising’ Category

Thursday, June 6th, 2013

Animation: Musical Timing Rediscovered

Shuffle Off To Buffalo

A few weeks ago, John K posted an article by Milt Gray about timing. If you haven’t read it yet, by all means, click on that link before you go any further in this post. Milt explains how cartoons before the TV era were timed to a musical beat, and how musical timing has become a lost art.

Rudy Ising and Hugh HarmanRudy Ising and Hugh HarmanWell, almost lost… I happened to be speaking to Mark Kausler about the article, and he mentioned that he had a complete set of bar sheets, given to him by Rudy Ising, for an early Merrie Melodies cartoon- "Shuffle Off To Buffalo". He graciously offered to let us digitize it and share it with you. This document is the "smoking gun" that animators interested in timing theories of the past have been looking for. It’s a highly detailed plan for the timing of a typical cartoon from the early days of sound. This isn’t a particularly good cartoon, but it gives us a clear look at the process. That makes it invaluable.

I’ve gathered together all the reference you need to analyze these bar sheets… I’ve supplied you with frame grabs from each scene to act as a storyboard, and I’ve posted a 24 fps movie file of "Shuffle Off To Buffalo". My own knowledge of animation timing theory is extremely limited, so I would appreciate it if the professional animators who are reading this blog would share their expertise through the comments link below, or by posting analysis to their own blogs. Nick Cross and Michael Sporn are the first to weigh in with their comments. I’ll add links to other blogs discussing this topic as I am made aware of them.

Musical timing is one of the principle aspects of early cartoons that set them apart from modern animation. The perfect rhythm of cartoons is what makes them so appealing and magical. Rhythmic timing doesn’t cost any more, in fact, careful planning saves money. “Shuffle Off To Buffalo” was planned down to the frame by two men- a director and a musician- before a single animation drawing had been done. The results are "magical perfection". Modern animation timing requires constant testing and revising by teams of artists and technicians to look "natural". Who wants cartoons that look natural? How many manhours could be saved with this technique? Let’s share info and try to recapture the "lost art" of Musical Timing!

RUDY ISING’S BAR SHEETS

Shuffle Off To Buffalo Bar Sheets

These 20 pages comprise the complete "detail sheets" (aka "bar sheets") for the 1933 Merrie Melodies cartoon, "Shuffle Off To Buffalo". This document was prepared by the director, Rudy Ising in collaboration with the musical director, Frank Marsales.

Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 01
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 02
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 03
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 04
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 05
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Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 07
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Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 12
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Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 14
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Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 16
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Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 18
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 19
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Page 20

STORYBOARD

Feel free to print out these images to use as a visual reference when you’re studying the bar sheets. Every scene in the picture is depicted here, along with its scene number.

Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard
Shuffle Off To Buffalo Storyboard

24 FPS MOVIE FILE

Shuffle Off To Buffalo Movie

I have encoded this Quicktime movie at 24 frames per second, so you can count frames and compare to the bar sheets. If the movie fails to load quickly, check back a little later.

Shuffle Off To Buffalo (WB/1933)
(Quicktime 7 / 30.6 megs)

COMMENTARY AND RELATED LINKS

Animator, Nick Cross discusses the importance of musical timing

Director, Michael Sporn provides examples of other formats of bar sheets and a discussion regarding how timing theory morphed over time

Kevin Langley discusses how he is applying musical timing principles to his own work, and offers scans of bar sheets by Bill Hanna and Scott Bradley

Mark Mayerson explains how to use a metronome to time animation

Hans Perk posts lecture notes by Disney composer, Albert Hay Malotte and bar sheets by Dave Hand for Trader Mickey. More on bar sheets at afilmla.

Timing Director, Milt Gray talks about the differences between the way cartoons are timed today, and the way they were timed in the golden age

Stephen Worth
Director
Animation Resources

Animated CartoonsAnimated Cartoons

This posting is part of the online Encyclopedia of Cartooning under the subject heading, Animation.

Wednesday, May 1st, 2013

Animation: MGM Animation Drawings

MGM Animation Drawing

Today, we digitized my collection of animation drawings from MGM. Can anyone out there name all the cartoons represented here? Post your guesses to the comments below. Have fun!

MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing
MGM Animation Drawing

Stephen Worth
Director
Animation Resources

Animated CartoonsAnimated Cartoons

This posting is part of the online Encyclopedia of Cartooning under the subject heading, Animation.

Tuesday, January 11th, 2011

Biography: Rudy Ising

This posting is a stub. You can contribute to this entry by providing information through the comments link at the bottom of this post. Please organize your information following the main category headers below….

Birth/Death

Birth: Aug 7, 1903, Kansas City
Death: July 18 1992, Newport Beach

Occupation/Title

Director, Producer, Actor, Writer, and Cinematographer.

Bio Summary

Early Life/Family

Education/Training

Career Outline

Rudolf started out as a journeyman animator in early 1920′s in the Kansas Disney Studio.?Career Outline? Rudolf, along with friend Hugh Harman started working at the first studio ran by Walt Disney in early 1920 in Rudolf’s home town, Kansas City. They were working on Disney’s Laugh-o-grams in 1922. But Disney went bankrupt and moved to california to start his new studio and Rudolf and Hugh stayed in Kansas city to start their own studio. This didn’t pan out so they both ended up on California working on Disney’s Alice and Oswald cartoons. During this Time, Charles Mintz took over distribution of Disney’s Cartoons and goes behind Walt’s back and hires out Rudolf Ising, Hugh Harman, as well as most all other animators. Mintz essentially stole Oswald the Lucky Rabbit and the studio from him. George Winkler, brother-in-law of Mintz ran the new studio that did the Oswald cartoons. Eventually Universal pictures, who owned the rights to Oswald, started Walter Lantz Studio’s and put Ising out of work.
Ising and Harman got together and created Bosko, a black stereotype cartoon character. They created and copyrighted Bosko in 1928 while still at disney. But when Walter Lantz studios took over and gave the rights of Oswald the Lucky Rabbit to Universal, Ising and Harman and Firz Freleng made the first Bosko cartoon, The Talk Ink Kid. This was the first sound cartoon with dialogue and it had Bosko interacting with a live action animator, Rudolf Ising. They showed this to Leon Schlesinger of Warner Bros. in 1930 who hired Rudolf and Hugh to do Bosko in a new series of cartoons called Looney Tunes. This new studio did well and when that series of cartoons became a sucess, Ising oversaw the companion to Looney Tunes called Merrie Melodies. These films were made to promote the Warner Music catalog. With animation as good as the Disney Studios and catchy tunes, the first Bosko cartoon in 1930, Sinkin in the Tub, was a huge hit.
By 1933 things began to dissolve for Ising and Harman. Ising and Harman left Warner Bros. over budget conflicts. They asked for more money to improve their films and were rejected. Because they still had the rights to Bosko, they took him to MGM Studios in 1934 and started more Bosko shorts. Ising was directing one-shot stories called Happy Harmonies (a pun on the Harmon-Ising, or “harmonising”) that were based on music but had weak or no plots, such as The Calico Dragon (1935). These cartoons ran greatly over budget and by 1937 MGM fired them both. Ising, along with Harman, did freelance work and in 1938 directed Merbabies for Disney. Disney went back on a deal for guaranteeing two other Harman and Ising pictures, so they sold the cartoon to MGM who hired them back. During this time, Ising created Barney Bear, a sleepy cartoon character loosley based on himself.
Ising quit the studio and joined the military in 1941. He was a major in the 18th Air Force Base Unit (First Motion Picture Unit) where he produced war effort films. After the War, Ising again teamed up with Harman and together they made industrial and commercial films.?Comments On Style??Influences?Lutz Book, Paul Terry films?Personality??Anecdotes?Ising was well know for falling asleep on the job, providing inspiration for his MGM character Barney Bear.?

Comments On Style

Influences

Personality

Anecdotes

Miscellaneous

Filmography

Directing titles

High Up (1928)
Fiery Fireman (1928)
Homeless Homer (1928)
Sinkin’ in the Bathtub (1930)
Congo Jazz (1930)
Hold Anything (1930)
Box Car Blues (1930)
The Booze Hangs High (1930)
Big Man from the North (1931)
Ain’t Nature Grand! (1931)
Ups ‘n Downs (1931)
Dumb Patrol (1931)
Yodeling Yokels (1931)
Bosko’s Holiday (1931) (uncredited)
The Tree’s Knees (1931)
Smile, Darn Ya, Smile! (1931)
Lady, Play Your Mandolin! (1931)
One More Time (1931)
You Don’t Know What You’re Doin’! (1931)
Bosko’s Soda Fountain (1931)
Hittin’ the Trail for Hallelujah Land (1931)
Red-Headed Baby (1931)
Pagan Moon (1932)
Freddy the Freshman (1932)
Crosby, Columbo, and Vallee (1932)
Goopy Geer (1932)
It’s Got Me Again! (1932)
Moonlight for Two (1932)
The Queen Was in the Parlor (1932)
I Love a Parade (1932)
Bosko’s Store (1932)
You’re Too Careless with Your Kisses! (1932)
I Wish I Had Wings (1932)
A Great Big Bunch of You (1932)
Three’s a Crowd (1932)
The Shanty Where Santy Claus Lives (1933)
One Step Ahead of My Shadow (1933)
Young and Healthy (1933)
The Organ Grinder (1933)
Wake Up the Gypsy in Me (1933)
I Like Mountain Music (1933/I)
Shuffle Off to Buffalo (1933)
Cubby’s World Flight (1933)
We’re in the Money (1933)
The Dish Ran Away with the Spoon (1933)
The Discontented Canary (1934)
The Old Pioneer (1934)
Toyland Broadcast (1934)
When the Cat’s Away (1935)
The Lost Chick (1935)
The Calico Dragon (1935)
The Chinese Nightingale (1935)
Barnyard Babies (1935)
The Old Plantation (1935)
Honeyland (1935)
Alias St. Nick (1935)
The Early Bird and the Worm (1936)
Two Little Pups (1936)
The Pups’ Picnic (1936)
Little Cheeser (1936)
The Pups’ Christmas (1936) (uncredited)
The Hound and the Rabbit (1937)
The Wayward Pups (1937)
Little Buck Cheeser (1937)
The Little Bantamweight (1938)
Merbabies (1938)
The Little Goldfish (1939)
The Bear That Couldn’t Sleep (1939)
One Mother’s Family (1939)
The Fishing Bear (1940)
Puss Gets the Boot (1940) (uncredited)
Home on the Range (1940)
Swing Social (1940)
The Milky Way (1940)
Romeo in Rhythm (1940)
The Homeless Flea (1940)
Mrs. Ladybug (1940)
The Prospecting Bear (1941)
Dance of the Weed (1941)
The Rookie Bear (1941)
The Flying Bear (1941)
The First Swallow (1942)
The Bear and the Beavers (1942)
Little Gravel Voice (1942)
Bats in the Belfry (1942)
Wild Honey (1942) ?… aka How to Get Along Without a Ration Book
Barney Bear’s Victory Garden (1942)
Bah Wilderness (1943)
The Boy and the Wolf (1943)
The Uninvited Pest (1943) (uncredited)
Private Snafu Presents Seaman Tarfu in the Navy (1946)
Good Wrinkles (1951)

Producer – filmography

Bosko the Talk-Ink Kid (1929) (producer) ?
Sinkin’ in the Bathtub (1930) (producer) ?
Congo Jazz (1930) (producer)
Hold Anything (1930) (producer)
Box Car Blues (1930) (producer)
The Booze Hangs High (1930) (producer)
Big Man from the North (1931) (producer)
Ain’t Nature Grand! (1931) (producer)
Ups ‘n Downs (1931) (producer)
Dumb Patrol (1931) (producer)
Yodeling Yokels (1931) (producer)
Bosko’s Holiday (1931) (producer)
The Tree’s Knees (1931) (producer)
Bosko Shipwrecked! (1931) (producer)
Bosko the Doughboy (1931) (producer)
Bosko’s Soda Fountain (1931) (producer)
Bosko’s Fox Hunt (1931) (producer)
Bosko and Honey (1932) (producer)
Bosko at the Zoo (1932) (producer)
Battling Bosko (1932) (producer)
Big-Hearted Bosko (1932) (producer) ?… aka Bosko’s Orphans
Bosko’s Party (1932) (producer)
Bosko and Bruno (1932) (producer)
Bosko’s Dog Race (1932) (producer)
Bosko at the Beach (1932) (producer)
Bosko’s Store (1932) (producer)
Bosko the Lumberjack (1932) (producer)
Ride Him, Bosko! (1932) (producer)
Bosko the Drawback (1932) (producer)
Bosko’s Dizzy Date (1932) (producer) ?… aka Bosko and Honey (video title)
Bosko’s Woodland Daze (1932) (producer)
Bosko in Dutch (1933) (producer)
Bosko in Person (1933) (producer)
Bosko the Speed King (1933) (producer)
Bosko’s Knight-Mare (1933) (producer)
Bosko the Sheep-Herder (1933) (producer)
Beau Bosko (1933) (producer)
Bosko’s Picture Show (1933) (producer)
Bosko the Musketeer (1933) (producer)
Bosko’s Mechanical Man (1933) (producer)
The Discontented Canary (1934) (producer)
The Old Pioneer (1934) (producer)
Tale of the Vienna Woods (1934) (producer)
Bosko’s Parlor Pranks (1934) (producer)
Toyland Broadcast (1934) (producer)
Hey, Hey Fever (1935) (producer)
When the Cat’s Away (1935) (producer)
The Calico Dragon (1935) (producer)
The Chinese Nightingale (1935) (producer)
Poor Little Me (1935) (producer)
Good Little Monkeys (1935) (producer)
Barnyard Babies (1935) (producer)
The Old Plantation (1935) (producer)
Honeyland (1935) (producer)
Alias St. Nick (1935) (producer)
Run, Sheep, Run (1935) (producer)
Bottles (1936) (producer)
The Early Bird and the Worm (1936) (producer)
The Old Mill Pond (1936) (producer)
Two Little Pups (1936) (producer)
The Old House (1936) (producer)
The Pups’ Picnic (1936) (producer)
To Spring (1936) (producer)
Little Cheeser (1936) (producer)
The Pups’ Christmas (1936) (producer)
Circus Daze (1937) (producer)
Swing Wedding (1937) (producer)
Bosko’s Easter Eggs (1937) (producer)
Little Ol’ Bosko and the Pirates (1937) (producer) ?… aka Bosko and the Pirates
The Hound and the Rabbit (1937) (producer)
The Wayward Pups (1937) (producer)
Little ol’ Bosko and the Cannibals (1937) (producer)
Little Buck Cheeser (1937) (producer)
Little ol’ Bosko in Bagdad (1938) (producer)
Pipe Dreams (1938) (producer)
The Little Bantamweight (1938) (producer)
The Bear That Couldn’t Sleep (1939) (producer)
Puss Gets the Boot (1940) (producer) ?
Bats in the Belfry (1942) (producer)
Chips Off the Old Block (1942) (producer)
Private Snafu Presents Seaman Tarfu in the Navy (1946) (producer)
Tom and Jerry” (1965) TV Series (producer) (uncredited) ?

Miscellaneous Crew – filmography?(1960s) (1930s) (1920s)

Little Red Riding Hood (1922/II) (animator) ?
The Four Musicians of Bremen (1922) (animator)
Jack and the Beanstalk (1922) (animator)
Goldie Locks and the Three Bears (1922) (animator)
Puss in Boots (1922) (animator)
Cinderella (1922/I) (animator)
Alice’s Wonderland (1923) (animator)
Plane Crazy (1928) (animator)
Alice in Wonderland (1933) (animator) (segment “The Walrus and the Carpenter”) (uncredited) ?
Tom and Jerry” (1965) TV Series (animation director) (uncredited) ?

Actor – filmography?(1930s) (1920s)

Alice’s Wonderland (1923) ?
Bosko the Talk-Ink Kid (1929) (uncredited) …. Cartoonist
Ride Him, Bosko! (1932) …. Cartoonist?

Writer – filmography
“Tom and Jerry” (1965) TV Series (writer) (uncredited) ?

Cinematographer – filmography
Alice’s Wonderland (1923)

Honors

Academy Award “Short Subject Cartoons” for Its Got Me Again! of the Merrie Melodies series 1932
Academy Award “Short Subject Cartoons” for The MIlky Way 1940?
Annie Award: Winsor McCay Award 1976

Related Links

Bibliographic References

imbd.com/name/nm0411208
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harman_and_Ising
http://bosko.toonzone.net/creators/harman-ising/
http://members.aol.com/EOCostello/i.html
http://www.michaelbarrier.com/Interviews/Harman/ interview_hugh_harman.htm
Animation Art, by Jerry Beck. Published by Harper Design. pgs 20, 42, 43, 62, 64, 65

BIO-AAA-029

Contributors To This Listing

Josh Reed

To make additions or corrections to this listing, please click on COMMENTS below…